The most common cause of chronic hip pain and disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis are the most common forms of this disease.
Total Hip Replacement
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage are removed and replaced with prosthetic components.
People who benefit from hip replacement surgery often have:
Hip pain that limits everyday activities, such as walking or bending
Hip pain that continues while resting, either day or night
Stiffness in a hip that limits the ability to move or lift the leg
Inadequate pain relief from anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, or walking supports.
Replacing the Damaged Joint
Damage to the hip joint is often caused by osteoarthritis. This is when wear and tear breaks down the joint, making movement stiff and painful. To repair the hip, worn-out parts are removed and replaced with an artificial joint. The new joint works much like natural hip. Until it heals, your new hip will have limited movement.